Let’s have a look at the major events that took place 100 years ago, 1919 saw many big events, different revolutions were taking place all over the world, the world was closely watching Russian civil war, Britishers were losing grown in many countries, etc. Let’s have a look back at major events that happened back then.
Edsel Ford became head of the Ford Motor Company.
Edsel Ford was born in Detroit, Michigan, US, he was groomed to take over the family automobile business and grew up tinkering on cars with his father. He became secretary of Ford in 1915.
The Ford Motor Company performed a key role in the arming of the US “Arsenal of Democracy”. With Edsel Ford leading the company, he set the goal of producing one bomber per hour at Ford’s expansive Willow Run manufacturing complex, where the B-24 was produced.
Russian Civil War
The Russian Civil War 7 happened between November 1917 – 25 October 1922 was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire.
Eight foreign nations intervened against the Red Army, notably the former Allied military forces from the World War and the pro-German armies.
Many pro-independence movements emerged after the break-up of the Russian Empire and fought in the war. Several parts of the former Russian Empire—Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland—were established as sovereign states, with their own civil wars and wars of independence.
There were an estimated 7,000,000–12,000,000 casualties during the war, mostly civilians. The Russian Civil War has been described by some as the greatest national catastrophe that Europe had yet seen.
Egyptian Revolution of 1919
The Egyptian Revolution of 1919 was a countrywide revolution against the British occupation of Egypt and Sudan. It was carried out by Egyptians from different walks of life in the wake of the British-ordered exile of the revolutionary Egyptian Nationalist leader Saad Zaghlul, and other members of the Wafd Party in 1919.
The revolution led to Great Britain’s later recognition of Egyptian independence in 1922 as the Kingdom of Egypt, and the implementation of a new constitution in 1923.
Jallianwala Bagh massacre
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, took place on 13 April 1919 when troops of the British Indian Army under the command of Colonel Reginald Dyer fired rifles into a crowd of Indians, who had gathered in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab.
The Jallianwalla Bagh is a public garden of 6 to 7 acres (2.8 ha), walled on all sides, with five entrances.
On Sunday, 13 April 1919, was the day of Baisakhi, the main Sikh festival, and many villagers had gathered in the Bagh. On Dyer’s orders, 1,650 rounds had been fired on the crowd for about ten minutes, lead to 379 identified dead, with approximately 1,100 wounded. This figure was given by Dyer himself in the letter he wrote to the British parliament.
Resulting in a “wrenching loss of faith” of the general public in the intentions of the UK.
Estonian War of Independence
The Estonian War of Independence, also known as the Estonian Liberation War, was a defensive campaign of the Estonian Army and its allies, most notably the White Russian Northwestern Army, Latvia, and the United Kingdom, against the Soviet Western Front offensive and the aggression of the Baltische Landeswehr. It resulted in a victory for the newly established state and was concluded in the Treaty of Tartu.
Monarchy of the North
The Monarchy of the North, officially the Kingdom of Portugal, was a short-lived revolution and monarchist government that occurred in the North of Portugal, in early 1919.